Patricia "Lala" Papers
Women’s Museum of California Library and Archives
Patricia Lala/Equal Rights Amendment Papers
Title: Patricia Lala/Equal Rights Amendment Papers
Accession Number: AC-035
Prepared by: Greg Thompson
Head Archivist: Julia Friedman
Date Acquired: Unknown
Date Processed: January 22, 2018
Location: Women’s Museum of California, San Diego, CA
Language: Collection material is in English
Extent: Three boxes
Access Restrictions: Open to research
Use restrictions: None
- Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
- International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)
- National Organization of Women (NOW)
- United Nations (UN)
- 27th Amendment
- Women's International Network (WIN)
- Abigail Adams
- Alene Altman
- Birch Bayh
- Wanda Brandstetter
- Raine Eisler
- Geraldine Ferraro
- Betty Ford
- S. I. Hayakawa
- Merle Hoffman
- Partica Hrycyszyn
- Abigail Hyman
- Andrea Karls
- Marie Kassing
- Beverly LaHaye
- Patrica Lala
- Margert Meed
- Helen Milliken
- Mary Morain
- Walter Mondal
- Dr. Dunja Pastizzi-Ferencic
- Alice Paul
- Evelyn and Barry Shapiro
- Ruth Sivard
- Jean Stapleton
- Evelle Younger
Brief History of the Equal Rights Amendment
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was first created in 1923 by Alice Paul in Seneca Falls. Paul stated that, “Men and Women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and everyplace under its jurisdiction.” In 1943, Alice Paul rewrote the document to state “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.” During the 1960s, a second wave of support for the ERA emerged. The ERA finally passed in Congress in a reworded form in 1972. It was proposed as the 27th Amendment and sent to the states for Ratification. It did not pass. Congress granted an extension until June 30, 1982. In 1980, the Republican party removed its support. The ERA was re-introduced in July 4, 1982 and every year after.1 In July of 1983, the ERA was officially reintroduced into Congress and failed to pass. It was then reintroduced in each session of Congress and held in until 1992. In 1996, NOW created a National Constitutional Equality Amendment Committee to create a new ERA.2 The fight for equality still is going on. Though states have granted equal rights or ratified the ERA, such as Nevada in March of 2017--there is no Federal law granting equality as of 1982.3
The San Diego chapter NOW started in 1970. The group's first priority was to educate people about the ERA.4 In 1978, the San Diego chapter of NOW worked to gain an extension of three years for the ERA and sent members to Washington D. C. for the ERA march.5 In 1979, the San Diego chapter created an ERA Resources Center which housed legal information on the progress of the ERA.6 The San Diego Chapter was present in 1980 march to ratify the ERA.7 Helen Hawkins, the founding president, produced a television program with KPBS that aired the Copenhagen Conference for Women.
The San Diego Chapter also coordinated a walk to raise money. San Diego County created Women's Equality Day on August 26, 1980.8. Activism did lead to arrest of San Diego Chapter members at a Reagan-Bush election campaign.9 On Mother’s Day 1981, a demonstration with signs reading “Honor Thy Mother, Put Her in the Constitution,” railed and were covered by San Diego media. Another walk to raise money for the ERA was held in 1981.10 President Reagan visited San Diego on Women's Equity Day in 1983 and was met with protestors. He created a controversy by having the federal government prohibit an act of protest.11 In 1988, the San Diego Chapter collected signatures petitioning Congress to remember the ERA. 12
Container List: Box and Folder Material
- Box 1: Series 1: Documents/Papers
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 1: Lists of Documents
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 2: San Diego N.O.W Chapter Documents 1978 – 1982
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 3: California N.O.W Chapter Documents 1977 – 1982
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 4: National N.O.W Documents 1976 – 1979
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 5: General History of the ERA with Leaders 1976 – 1979
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 6: Justifications for ERA 1776 – 1980
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 7: National Woman's Conference Huston Texas 1977
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 8: National ERA March on Washington, DC 1978
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 9: ERA Bribery Case 1980 – 1982
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 10: ERA Boycotts 1977 – 1981
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 11: ERA Defeats 1976 – 1982
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 12: ERA Extension 1977 – 1995
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 13: ERA Recession 1977 – 1979
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 14: ERA Reintroduction 1982 -1983
- Box 1 Series 1: Folder 15: Conversations and Concerns about the ERA 1976 – 1988
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 16: ERA Letters 1978 – 1982
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 17: ERA Marches and Protests 1977 – 1995
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 18: Mormons and ERA 1977 – 1987
- Box 1 Series 1: Folder 19: ERA Supporters 1977 – 1981
- Box 1 Series 1: Folder 20: ERA 1988
- Box 1 Series 1: Folder 21: ERA 1995
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 22: ERA and Women's Issues Miscellaneous 1971- 1984
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 23: ERA and Women's Issues Comics 1978 – 1988
- Box 1: Series 1: Folder 24: ERA Memorabilia
- Box 2: Series 2: Miscellaneous Items
- Box 2: Series 2: Small Box 1 Jewelry and Buttons (ERA Jewelry not donated by Ms. Lala)
- Box 2: Series 2: Small Box 2 Buttons, Sashes, and Pins
- Box 2: Series 2: Bag 1: Teal Scarf with NOW button
- Box 2: Series 2: Bag 2: ERA Apron
- Box 2: Series 2: Stack 1: Blue ERA Tee-Shirt and White Long Sleeve Shirt with ERA Buttons
- Box 2: Series 2: Stack 2: Green ERA Banner and White ERA Banner
- Box 2: Series 2: Cloth 1: Little Suffragist Doll Pattern
- Box 2: Series 2: Book 1: The Herstory of San Diego County NOW
- Box 2: Series 2: Book 2: The Chalice & The Blade: Our History, Our Future. Riane Eisler
- Box 2: Series 2: Book 3: Growing up Female: A Personal Photo Journal. Abigail Heyman
- Box 2: Series 2: Book 4: Butcher, Baker, Cabinetmaker: Photographs of Women at Work. Abigail Heyman.
- Box 2: Series 2: Book 5: Dreams & Schemes: Love and Marriage in Modern Times. Abigail Heyman
- Box 2: Series 2: Book 6: The Women Say The Men Say Women's Liberation and Men's Consciousness. Evelyn and Barry Shapiro
- Box 2: Series 2: Folder 1: Abigail Heyman Obituary Newspaper Clipping and Printed Copy New York Times
- Box 2: Series 2: Folder 2: Personal Note to Patrica Lala, Photos, and Miscellaneous Papers from the Book The Chalice and the Blade
- Box 2: Series 2: Folder 3: Color Your Male Coloring Book
- Box 2: Series 2: Folder 4: Who's Who Certificate and Biographical Sketches
- Box 2: Series 2: Folder 5: ERA and NOW Papers, Flyers, Speeches, Pictures
- Box 2: Series 2: Folder 6: Mary Morain Biographic
- Box 3: Series 3: Other Documents or Items about Women's Rights, Status, Struggles, and Conferences
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 1: Magazines from 1977 -1992
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 2: Pamphlets/Booklets International Conferences, Conventions, and Reports of Women's Rights and Issues 1970 - 1979.
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 3: Booklets National Women's Conference 1976 - 1988.
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 4: Pamphlets/Booklets National Conferences, Conventions, and Reports of Women's Rights and Issues 1977 - 1985.
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 5: Pamphlets/Booklets International Conferences, Conventions, and Reports of Women's Rights and Issues 1983 - 1992.
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 6: Women's Rights Handbook by Evelle Younger Attorney General of California.
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 7: UN
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 8: ERA and Other Women Rights Miscellaneous
- Box 3: Series 3: Folder 9: Personal Notebooks from University of California at San Diego (UCSD)
Scope and Contents of the Materials
Series 1: Box 1
The 1st folder contains a list of documents regarding the ERA. To better organize this information, many of the documents have moved to other folders. For an ERA timeline please visit https://now.org/resource/chronology-of-the-equal-rights-amendment-1923-1996/.
The 2nd folder houses documents and newspaper clippings regarding both the San Diego N.O.W. Chapter and events in San Diego dealing with the ERA. These documents cover the years 1977 through 1982. Many of the documents are from the San Diego N.O.W Chapter.
The 3rd folder contains documents and newspaper clippings regarding N.O.W chapters in California. These documents cover the years 1977 through 1996. One large event was the Walk for Equality in August 1981.
The 4th folder contains documents regarding the National N.O.W organization. Many of these are letters to gain support for the ERA or to raise funds.
The 5th folder houses newspaper clippings and documents covering the history and leaders of the ERA from 1976 until 1979. The two leaders are Alice Paul and Helen Milliken.
The 6th folder contains handouts, flyers, newspaper clippings, and other documents from 1776 until 1980 regarding the justification for the ERA. These documents include a letter from Abigail Adams, court cases for women's equality starting in 1971, scriptural support for women's equity, and 1977’s “The Question of the Equal” statement by Senator Birch Bayh from Indiana.
The 7th folder houses paperwork regarding the 1977 National Women Conference in Huston, Texas. This conference addressed women's issues and rights. These issues and rights were to be covered by the ERA.
The 8th folder contains flyers and newspaper clippings on the ERA March on Washington in 1978.
The 9th folder houses newspaper clippings regarding an ERA bribery case in 1980. Wanda Brandsterrer, of Illinois was accused of offering Representative Nord Swanstrom $1,000 to vote for the ERA.
The 10th folder contains flyers, newspaper clippings, and other documents regarding the N.O.W Boycotts from 1977 to 1981. These boycotts were focused on states which refused to support the ERA. The plan was to use these economic boycotts to encourage these states to ratify the ERA.
The 11th folder houses newspaper clippings and magazine articles covering various state and national defeats of the ERA from 1976 through 1982.
The 12th folder contains newspaper clippings, flyers, and other documents from 1977 until 1995 covering the various attempts to extend the deadline for the ratification of the ERA. One of the documents is a letter from Senator S. I. Hayakawa.
The 13th folder houses flyers and newspaper clippings from 1977 through 1979 regarding the ERA Recession.
The 14th folder contains newspaper clippings and one handout covering the Reintroduction of the ERA (1982-1983)
The 15th folder houses magazine clippings, handouts, newsletters, newspaper clippings, and other documents regarding conversations and concerns people had about the ERA from 1976 until 1988. The concerns include Co-ed bathrooms, the drafting of women into the military, and the validation of gay and lesbian marriages.
The 16th folder houses telegrams, letters, and hand-written notes to and from political leaders regarding the ERA. These correspondences were written from 1978 until 1982.
The 17th folder contains newspaper clippings from 1977 until 1995, regarding ERA marches and protests.
The 18th folder contains handouts, newspaper clippings, letters, and other documents from 1977 through 1987 regarding the Mormons and their thoughts about ERA. These documents indicated that the Mormons were split in regards to the ERA. Some supported the ERA, while others did not.
The 19th folder houses newspaper clippings and magazine articles from 1977 through 1981 regarding famous groups and people who supported the ERA. The supporters range from Pope John Paul II to the Carter family to the Girl Scouts of America.
The 20th folder contains a campaign letter from N.O.W to Ms. Partica Hrycyszyn regarding the ERA during 1988 and the bicentennial of the U. S. Constitution.
The 21st folder houses handouts, a newspaper, and other documents regarding the ERA in 1995. Four of these handouts are from the ERA Legislative Intent Committee Report from June 19, 1995.
The 22nd folder is the miscellaneous ERA folder containing documents and items from 1971 through1984. The documents range from handouts, newsletters, to newspaper clippings. The items range from a sticker to a folder.
The 23rd folder houses comics and political cartoons regarding the ERA and womens issues.
The 24th folder houses ERA memorabilia. The folder contains a postcard, stickers, a Susan B. Anthony coin, and ERA cards.
Series 2: Box 2
Most of the items in this series we believe were donated by Patrica Lala. However, at least one item was not donated by Lala.
The first small box inside the archive box has three buttons unrelated to the ERA, but relate to women’s rights. One button is from 1983 W.O.W. The other two buttons refer to the ERA along with two bracelets and one necklace.
The second small box inside the archive box containing three sashes, a button, and a black bag. The first sash is blue and has a badge with Patrica Lala's name. It also has buttons indicating this sash is from 1982. The secound sash is yellow and pined closed. From what we can read it appers to be from an event in 1978. The last sash is green, folded, and pined closed. From what we can read it is about the ERA, but we are not sure. The button reads “Women's Opportunity Week”. The black bag houses three pins. Two pins are of the ERA while the other is of Women’s Vote.
The white paper bag in the archive box contains a teal scarf with a button from N.O.W stating, “Until Justice is Ours.”
The clear Ziploc bag in the achieve box contains an ERA apron wrapped in paper. There is a post-it note stating the apron was donated by Shurley Ferrill.
The blue shirt is from the Last Walk for ERA in 1981.
The white shirt contains two ERA buttons from the March on Washington in 1978.
The two ERA banners, one white and one green, seem to have no indication of time period.
A printed cloth inside the archive collection box contains 'The Little Suffragist Doll” and instructions for making the doll. The doll is a reproduction from the Collection of the Cincinnati Museum, original gift from Mrs. Rosmary Frey Rodgers. The instructions are from Lillian E. Whitteker of Cincinnati Ohio. There is no indication of a time period.
There are six books in the archival box. The first book is entitled “The Herstory of the San Diego County N.O.W. Twenty-Five Years of Feminism 1970 through 1995.” The secound book, with a red cover, is entitled “The Chalice and the Blade” by Raine Eisler. The book contains personal notes to Patrica Lala from the author. The thrid book is entitled, “The Women Say, The Men Say: Women’s Liberation and Men’s Consciousness: Issues in Politics, Work, Family, Sexuality, and Power,” and is by Evelyn and Barry Shapiro. The remaing three books are by Abigial Heyman. The first book, “Growing Up Female,” according to the preface, is a photographic journal of what it means to be a female. The second book, “Butcher, Baker, Cabinetmaker,” according to the inside cover, is a children's picture book about women at work. According to the back cover, the third book, “Dreams and Schemes: Love and Marriage in Modern Times, is about marriage from multiple viewpoints with photos and text.
The 1st folder inside the archive box contains newspaper clippings and printed text about the 2013 death of Abigail Heyman, a photographer and author.
The 2nd folder contains a personal note to Patrica Lala, in addition to miscellaneous papers and three photos found in the book, “The Chalice and the Blade.”
The 3rd folder contains a “coloring book” about stereotyping and the differences between men and women. It was published in 1974. The colors are suggested by the text to reflect the feelings of the people portrayed in the picture.
The 4th folder is the “Who's Who of American Women” and the “Who's Who in California” certificates and print outs regarding Patrica Lala and her life.
The 5th folder is about the ERA, circa 1981 and 1982. The folder contains papers regarding the Last ERA Walk held in 1981. It also holds papers about an ERA Party held January 1982. The folder also contains speeches from Raine Eisler and Patrica Lala. The speech from Raine Eisler appears to be about the ERA. Patrica Lala's speech is entitled, “Women's Rights and Nothing Less,”.
The 6th folder is a print out from Wikipedia about the life of Mary Morain.
Series 3: Box 3
The 1st folder contains ten magazines from 1977 to 1992. They range from popular magazines, such as Time and Newsweek, to lesser known titles such as Science and Instraw News. Time covers the National Women's Conference in 1977. New Women covers what it is like to have an abortion as well as runaway spouses in 1978. The Event covers women in power and the seven women who could become president in 1980. Newsweek looks at the sexes and how and why they differ in 1981. Science 83 presents Margret Meed’s Nature Vs. Nurture. Time contains a special issue on women and the road ahead in 1990. The road ahead refers to the future of equlity, jobs, familys, women in politics/power, Society looks at “Sexual Harassment or the Harassment of Sexuality” in 1991. The articles look at pronography, sexual harassmetnt, and the nature of feminism. Instraw News depicts African women coping with economic crises, also in 1991. Time covers fighting backlash against feminism in 1992, and Free Inquiry looks at “The Culture War: Abortion Under Siege,” in 1992.
The 2nd folder contains three pamphlets, handbooks, newsletters, and reports on women’s rights and issues globally from 1970 through 1979. The Unite Nations Published “The World's Women Trends and Statistics,” covering the years 1970 through 1990. In 1976, Intercom: a Guide to Discussion, Study, and Resources Center for Global Persective published the article, “Women and Men: Changing Roles in a Changing World,” by Andrea Karls. The UN adopted the “Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women,” in 1979.
The 3rd folder contains five pamphlets/booklets from the National Women's Conferences from 1976 through 1988. The National Commission of the Observance of International Women's Year 1976 published a national report to President Ford titled, “'To Form a More Perfect Union ...' Justice for American Women.” This Commission also published a report in 1977 for the California State Meeting. Two reports were published by the National Women's Conference in Houston, Texas in November of 1977. One is titled “The Proposed National Plan of Action” and the other is titled, “American Women on the Move.” In May of 1988, the National Women's Conference published a report titled, “Decade of Achievement.”
The 4th folder contains four pamphlets/booklets from the national conferences, conventions, and reports of women’s rights and issues from 1977 through 1985. The Alan Guttmacher Institute the Research and Development Division of Planned Parenthood Federation of America published a handbook in 1976 entitled, “11 Million Teenagers: What Can Be Done About the Epidemic of Adolescent Pregnancies in the United States.” A White House mini-conference on older women generated the report, “Growing Numbers, Growing Force,” in 1980. CHOICES, the creative health organization, published “On The Issues” by Merle Hoffman in the fall of 1984. The United States Department of State published the report, “Issues and Progress in the UN Decade for Women, 1976 – 1985.”
The 5th folder houses eight pamphlets, handbooks, newsletters, and reports on women’s rights and issues globally from 1983 through 1992. The International Woman’s Tribune Center published, “The Rights of Women a Workbook of International Conventions Relating to Woman’s Issues and Concerns,” in 1983. In 1985, this group also published “A Forum Activates List for the Decade for Women Forum in Nairobi on July 4th”. In addition, there is a pamphlet from “Forum 1985” printed by the UN. Ruth Sivard published Women … A World Survey in 1985. In 1986, Third World Women's News ran the article, “South African Women Fight Apartheid.” There are three newsletters from the Woman's International Network (WIN) covering women's rights and issues from fall of 1991 until winter of 1992.
The 6th folder contains two pamphlets from Evelle Younger, Attorney General of California. They are both titled, “California Department of Justice Information Pamphlet, No. 9, Women's Rights Handbook: Employment, Child Bearing, Credit Education, Housing, Insurance, Domestic Relations, Business, Public Assistance, Day Care Services, Rape, Other Violence.” There is no indication of year.
The 7th folder contains a collection of information from the UN and the creation of the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW). The paperwork and pamphlets cover the years 1980 to 1985. INSTRAW focused on topics such as water supply and sanitation, recognizing the role of women, women helping women, and gathering international support. This was part of the UN Decade for Women initiative. The headquarters for INSTRAW were located in Santo Domingo, the capital of Dominican Republic. In 1982, Dr. Dunja Pastizzi-Ferencic, the director of INSTRAW, went on a Radio News program in Yugoslavia to speak about the program. One of the pamphlets was sent to Alene Altman the cordinator of the Women's Equality Council in Balboa Park San Diego, CA.
The 8th folder holds a collection of hand written notes, newspaper clippings, and magazine articles which cover miscellaneous topics relating to women. One topic is the San Diego County N.O.W. protesting against the San Diego Port Commission opening a Playboy Club. They were successful in convincing the San Diego Port Commission not to open the club. Other topics include women's knowledge about pornography, women registration for the military, abused wives, women's portrayal in the media, taking sex out of written and spoken language, women's liberation, California statuary rape laws, and the status of women in politics.
The 9th folder contains three spiral notebooks from classes at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). The green notebook is from “AN 115: Politics of the Nuclear Family,” taught by M. J. Swartz in November 1979. The red notebook belonged to May Altman and was from “AN 121: Women in Cross-Cultural Perspective,” taught by Professor Justus in July 1980. The brown notebook is from “AN 154: Witches, Warriors, and Wives, taught by Dr. Taylor in Fall Quarter 1980.
2National Organization for Women, “Chronology of the Equal Rights Amendment, 1923-1996” National Organization for Women, 10/2/2017, http://now.org/resource/chronology-of-the-equal-rights-amendment-1923-1996/
3Alison Noon, “Nevada backs Equal Rights Amendment Decades after deadline” The Associated Press, March 23, 2017, https://apnews.com/728d96bd434142a7925110348d9fe0ec/nevada-backs-equal-rights-amendment-decades-after-deadlinef
4National Organization for Women, The Herstory of San Diego County National Organization for Women. Twenty-five years of Feminism 1970 – 1995, (San Diego, San Diego County NOW, 1995), 3.
8Ibid, 27 – 28.
10 Ibid, 31.